Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Lee Zemeckis (/zəˈmɛkɪs/; born May 14, 1952) is an American director, screenwriter and film producer frequently credited as an innovator in visual effects. He first came to public attention in the 1980s as the director... and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale. It stars Michael J. Fox as teenager Martin Seamus McFly is a fictional character and the protagonist of the Back to the Future trilogy. He is portrayed by actor Michael J. Fox. McFly also appears in the animated series, where he was voiced..., who accidentally travels back in time from 1985 to 1955, where he meets his future parents and becomes his mother’s romantic interest. Christopher Lloyd portrays the eccentric scientist Doctor Emmett “Doc” Brown, his friend and the inventor of the time-traveling DeLorean automobile, who helps Martin Seamus McFly is a fictional character and the protagonist of the Back to the Future trilogy. He is portrayed by actor Michael J. Fox. McFly also appears in the animated series, where he was voiced... repair history and return to 1985. The cast also includes Lea Thompson as Marty’s mother Lorraine Baines-McFly (portrayed by Lea Thompson and voiced by Aimee Miles in Back to the Future: The Game) is the wife of George McFly and the mother of Marty, Linda and Dave. She is the oldest..., Crispin Glover as his father George Douglas McFly (portrayed by Crispin Glover in Back to the Future and by Jeffrey Weissman in Back to the Future Part II and Back to the Future Part III and voiced by Michael X. Sommers..., and Thomas F. Wilson as Biff Howard Tannen is a fictional character in the Back to the Future trilogy. Thomas F. Wilson plays Biff in all three films as well as the Universal Studios ride, and voiced the character in the..., Marty and George’s arch-nemesis.
Zemeckis and Gale wrote the script after Gale wondered whether he would have befriended his father if they had attended school together. Film studios rejected it until the financial success of Zemeckis’ Romancing the Stone. Zemeckis approached Steven Allan Spielberg (/ˈspiːlbɜːrɡ/; born December 18, 1946) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He is considered one of the founding pioneers of the New Hollywood era and one of the most popular directors..., who agreed to produce the project at Amblin Entertainment, with Universal Pictures as distributor. Fox was the first choice to play Marty, but he was busy filming his television series Family Ties, and Eric Stoltz was cast; after the filmmakers decided he was wrong for the role, a deal was struck to allow Fox to film Back to the Future without interrupting his television schedule.
Back to the Future was released on July 3, 1985. It grossed over $381 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1985. It won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, the Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film, and the Academy Award for Best Sound Effects Editing. It received three Academy Award nominations, five BAFTA nominations, and four Golden Globe nominations, including Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy). In 2007, the Library of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry, and in June 2008 the American Film Institute’s special AFI’s 10 Top 10 designated it the 10th-best science fiction film. The film began a franchise including two sequels, Back to the Future Part II is a 1989 American science-fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Bob Gale. It is the sequel to the 1985 film Back to the Future and the second... (1989) and Back to the Future Part III is a 1990 American science fiction Western film and the final installment of the Back to the Future trilogy. The film was directed by Robert Zemeckis, and stars Michael J.... (1990), an animated series, a theme park ride, several video games, a series of comic books, and a stage musical.